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Working Papers 2020

Working Paper 20-04: Bokhari, F. & Yan, W (2020). Product line extensions under the threat of entry: evidence from the UK pharmaceuticals market. CCP Working Paper 20-04


Working Paper 20-03: Slobozhan, I., Ormosi, P., & Sharma, R. (2020). Which bills are lobbied? Predicting and interpreting lobbying activity in the US. CCP Working Paper 20-03


Working Paper 20-02: von Graevenitz, G., Graham, S J.H., & Myers, A. 2020. ‘The Problem of Earlier Rights: Evidence from the European Trademark System’, Centre for Competition Policy Working Paper 20-02.


Working Paper 20-01: Davies, C. (2019) "The supply side to procurement in a health market: competition and innovation in hip implants" Centre for Competition Policy Working Paper 20-01


Working Papers 2019

Working Paper 19-9: Espuny Pujol F, Hancock R, Hviid M, Morciano M & Pudney S (2019) '''Market concentration, supply, quality and prices paid by Local Authorities in the English care home market', CCP Working Paper 19-9


Working Paper 19-8: Tutton T (2019) ''Political control of state-owned utilities in the UK'', CCP Working Paper 19-8


Working Paper 19-7: Berger S and Hviid M (2019) 'Who Should Set Book Prices?', CCP Working Paper 19-7


Working Paper 19-6: Lu L & Waddams Price C (2019) 'Balancing Environmental Incentives and Fairness in Household Electricity Distribution Tariffs', CCP Working Paper 19-6


Working Paper 19-5: von Graevenitz G, Graham S, & Myers A (2019) 'Distance (Still) Hampers Diffusion of Innovations', CCP Working Paper 19-5


Working Paper 19-4: Lyons B & Zhu M (2019) 'Consumer Uptake of Internet Banking, Endogenous Market Structure and Regional Integration in Europe', CCP Working Paper 19-4


Working Paper 19-3: Bokhari F, Mariuzzo F, Yan W (2019) 'Antibacterial resistance and the cost of affecting demand: The case of UK antibiotics ', CCP Working Paper 19-3


Working Papers 2018


Working Paper 18-14: Kim D, 'Commitment decisions in the antitrust enforcement of Korea: A comparative study with the settlement systems of the US and the EU'


Working Paper 18-13: Fletcher A, 'Disclosure and other tools for enhancing consumer engagement and competition'


Working Paper 18-12: Graevenitz von G & Garanasvili A, 'The European Patent System: A Descriptive Analysis'


Working Paper 18-11: Deller D & Waddams Price C, 'Comparing English Fuel Poverty Rates: Reported vs Modelled Expenditure'

ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 18-11 | POLICY BRIEF 18-11   (Abstract available | Full paper forthcoming)

Working Paper 18-10: Deller D, Turner G & Waddams Price C, 'A Postcode Lottery: Regional Electricity Price Variations for Inactive Consumers'


Working Paper 18-9: Deller D & Fletcher A, 'Micro and Small Businesses' Satisfaction with the Energy Markert: Policy Implications'


Working Paper 18-8: Deller D & Waddams Price C, 'Energy Affordability in the UK: Corrected Energy Expenditure Shares 1992-2014'


Working Paper 18-7: Hargreaves T & Longhurst N, 'The Lived Experience of Energy Vulnerability Among Social Housing Tenants: Emotional and subjective engagements'


Working Paper 18-6 v3 (updated April 2020): Mariuzzo F, Ormosi P, Karatzas A & Zherou M, 'Public and Private Sanctions: The case of cartels'


Working Paper 18-5: Bennato AR, Mariuzzo F & Walsh P, 'Competition and Welfare Effects of Differentiated Taxation: Evidence from the Irish Automobile Market'  


Working Paper 18-4 v3 (updated March 2019): Bennato AR, Davies S, Mariuzzo F & Ormosi P, 'Mergers and Innovation: Evidence from the Hard Disk Drive Market' 


Working Paper 18-3: Ashton J, Burnett, Diaz Rainey I & Ormosi P, 'Has the Financial Regulatory Environment Improved in the UK? Capture-Recapture Approach to Estimate Detection and Deterrence'


Working Paper 18-2: Chakraborty R, 'Do Retailers Manipulate Prices to Favour Private Label over Brands' 


Working Paper 18-1: Lu L, Deller D & Hviid M, 'Price and Behavioural Signals to Encourage Household Water Conservation in Temperate Climates' 



Working Papers 2017


Working Paper 17-5: Deller D, Giulietti M, Loomes G, Price Waddams C, Bernejo M & Jeon Young J, 'Switching Energy Suppliers: It's not all about the money' 


Working Paper 17-4: Armoogum P, Davies S & Mariuzzo F, 'Cartel enforcement and deterrence over the life of a Competition Authority' 


Working Paper 17-3: Yimeng L, Mariuzzo F, Korfiatis N & Xiong Y, 'Information Strategies of New Product Introduction in Vertical Markets' 


Working Paper 17-2: Garrod L & Olczak M, 'Market Transparency and Collusion under Imperfect Monitoring' 


Working Paper 17-1: Kühn KU & Uler N, 'Behavioral Sources of the Demand for Carbon Offsets: An Experimental Study



Working Papers 2016


Working Paper 16-12: Lyons B, Reader D & Stephan A, 'UK Competition Policy Post-Brexit: In the Public Interest?'


Working Paper 16-11: Garrod L & Olczak M, 'Collusion, Firm Numbers and Asymmetries Revisited' 


Working Paper 16-10: Cadman R, 'Three Forms of BT Separation: Objectives, Solutions and Effects' 


Working Paper 16-9: Deller D, 'Energy Affordability in the EU: The Risks of Metric Driven Policies'


Working Paper 16-8: Brock M, 'Is the Monster Green-Eyed, or Just Green? Assessing the Impact of Group Cohesion and Environmental Attitudes on Energy Conservation'


Working Paper 16-7: Graevenitz von G, 'Does Online Search Predict Sales? Evidence From Big Data for Car Markets in Germany and the UK'


Working Paper 16-6 v3 (updated January 2018): Bokhari F & Mariuzzo F, 'Demand Estimation and Merger Simulations for Drugs: Logits v. Aids' 


Working Paper 16-5 v2 (updated November 2017): Mariuzzo F & Ormosi P, 'Post-Merger Price Variation Matters, So Why do Merger Retrospectives Ignore It?'


Working Paper 16-4: Mariuzzo F, Ormosi P & Havell R, 'What can Merger Retrospectives Tell Us? An Assessment of European Mergers'


Working Paper 16-3: Reader D, 'Accommodating Public Interest Considerations in Domestic Merger Control: Empirical Insights'


Working Paper 16-2: Guy M & Sauter W, 'The History and Scope of EU Health Law and Policy'


Working Paper 16-1 v3 (updated October 2019): Bokhari F, Mariuzzo F & Bennato AR 'Innovation and growth in the UK pharmaceuticals: the case of product and marketing introductions'



Working Papers 2015


Working Paper 15-13 v3 (updated November 2017): False Advertising | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-13 | POLICY BRIEF 15-13

Working Paper 15-12: A Competition Law Assessment of Platform Most-Favoured-Customer Clauses | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-12 | POLICY BRIEF 15-12

Working Paper 15-11: A structural break cartel screen for dating and detecting collusion | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-11 | POLICY BRIEF 15-11

Working Paper 15-10: Compensation and the Damages Directive | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-10 | POLICY BRIEF 15-10

Working Paper 15-9 v2 (updated January 2017): Technology Entry in the Presence of Patent Thickets | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-9 | POLICY BRIEF 15-9

Working Paper 15-8: Survey of Public Attitudes to Price Fixing in the UK, Germany, Italy and the USA | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-8 | POLICY BRIEF 15-8

Working Paper 15-7 v2 (updated November 2015): A Comparison of the Wholesale Structure and the Agency Structure in Differentiated Markets | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-7 | POLICY BRIEF 15-7

Working paper 15-6: Proliferation and Entry Deterrence in Vertically Differentiated Markets | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-6 | POLICY BRIEF 15-6

Working Paper 15-5 v4 (updated April 2020): Entry limiting agreements: first mover advantage, authorized generics and pay-to-delay generic deals | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-5 | POLICY BRIEF 15-5

Working Paper 15-4 v3 (updated August 2016): Updates Management in Mobile Applications. iTunes vs Google Play | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-4 | POLICY BRIEF 15-4

Working Paper 15-3: Activating Actavis in Europe - the Proposal of a "Structured Effects Based" Analysis for Pay for Delay Settlements | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-3 | POLICY BRIEF 15-3

Working Paper 15-2: Adding a New Dimension to EU Pharmaceutical Antitrust - Pay for Delay Settlements as Part of a Unilateral Strategy such as Product Hopping | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-2 | POLICY BRIEF 15-2

Working Paper 15-1 v2 (updated November 2015): Post-Cartel Tacit Collusion: Determinants, Consequences, and Prevention | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 15-1 | POLICY BRIEF 15-1


Working Papers 2014


Working Paper 14-9: Revisiting the Regulatory State: A Multidisciplinary Review Establishing a New Research Agenda | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-9 | POLICY BRIEF 14-9

Working Paper 14-8: Leniency Theory and Complex Realities | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-8 | POLICY BRIEF 14-8

Working Paper 13-7 v2 (updated November 2014): The Economic Impact of Cartels and Anti-Cartel Enforcement | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-7 | POLICY BRIEF 13-7

Working Paper 14-7: How Do National Brands and Store Brands Compete? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-7 | POLICY BRIEF 14-7

Working Paper 14-6 v2 (updated November 2015): The Deterrent Effect of Anti-Cartel Enforcement: A Tale of Two Tails | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-6 | POLICY BRIEF 14-6

Working Paper 14-5: Retail Price MFNs: Are they RPM 'at its worst'? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-5 | POLICY BRIEF 14-5

Working Paper 14-4: Collusion under Private Monitoring with Asymmetric Capacity Constraints | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-4 | POLICY BRIEF 14-4

Working Paper 14-3: Is the Korean Innovation of Individual Informant Rewards a Viable Cartel Detection Tool? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-3 | POLICY BRIEF 14-3

Working Paper 14-2: Supermarket Promotions and Food Prices | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-2 | POLICY BRIEF 14-2

Working Paper 14-1: Mergers after Cartels: How Markets React to Cartel Breakdown | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 14-1 | POLICY BRIEF 14-1


Working Papers 2013


Working Paper 13-13: Hospital Procurement with Concentrated Sellers: A Case Study of Hip Prostheses | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-13 | POLICY BRIEF 13-13

Working Paper 13-12: Pricing in the UK Retail Energy Market, 2005 - 2013 | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-12 | POLICY BRIEF 13-12

Working Paper 13-11: Searching and Switching: Empirical Estimates of Consumer Behaviour in Regulated Markets | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-11 | POLICY BRIEF 13-11

Working Paper 13-10: Consumer Behaviour in the British Retail Electricity Market | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-10 | POLICY BRIEF 13-10

Working Paper 13-9: Anti-trust and the ‘Beckerian Proposition’: the Effects of Investigation and Fines on Cartels | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-9 | POLICY BRIEF 13-9

Working Paper 13-8: Period of Limitations in Follow-on Competition Cases: The Elephant in the Room? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-8 | POLICY BRIEF 13-8

Working Paper 13-7: The Impact of Competition Policy: What are the Known Unknowns? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-7 | POLICY BRIEF 13-7

Working Paper 13-6: Product Quality and Business Contracts: Intermediary Crude Oil Pricing in a Southwest-US Regional Market | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-6 | POLICY BRIEF 13-6

Working Paper 13-5: Public and Private Enforcement of Competition Law A Differentiated Approach | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-5 | POLICY BRIEF 13-5

Working Paper 13-4: Conflict Resolution, Public Goods and Patent Thickets | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-4 | POLICY BRIEF 13-4

Working Paper 13-3: Collusion in Industrial Economics and Optimally Designed Leniency Programmes - A Survey | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-3 | POLICY BRIEF 13-3

Working Paper 13-2: Trade Mark Cluttering - Evidence from EU Enlargement | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-2 | POLICY BRIEF 13-2

Working Paper 13-1: What is the Price of Pay-to-Delay Deals? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 13-1 | POLICY BRIEF 13-1


Working Papers 2012


Working Paper 12-14: Strategic Obfuscation and Consumer Protection Policy in Financial Markets: Theory and Experimental Evidence | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-14 | POLICY BRIEF 12-14

Working Paper 12-13: Complexity and Smart Nudges with Inattentive Consumers | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-13 | POLICY BRIEF 12-13

Working Paper 12-12: Culling the Quangos: When is Delegation Revoked? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-12 | EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12-12

Working Paper 12-11: Who Manages Cartels? The Role of Sales and Marketing Managers within International Cartels: Evidence from the European Union 1990-2009 | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-11 | POLICY BRIEF 12-11

Working Paper 12-10: Ringleaders in larger number, asymmetric cartels | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-10 | POLICY BRIEF 12-10

Working Paper 12-9: Pharmaceutical Innovation and Parallel Trade | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-9 | POLICY BRIEF 12-9
Working Paper 12-8: Invention, Innovation and Diffusion of Local Loop Unbundling in the UK | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-8 | POLICY BRIEF 12-8

Working Paper 12-7: The Proposed Merger of AT & T and T-Mobile: Are there unexhausted scale economies in the US mobile telephony? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-7 | EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12-7

Working Paper 12-6: Large Foreign Banks and Small-Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs): Friends or Foes? | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-6 | EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12-6

Working Paper 12-5: Keep to Sustain or Keep to Exploit? Why Firms Keep Hard Evidence | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-5 | EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12-5

Working Paper 12-4: The Impact of Foreign Bank Entry in Emerging Markets: Knowledge Spillovers or Competitive Pressure | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-4 | EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12-4

Working Paper 12-3: Market Structure, Regulation and the Speed of Mobile Network Penetration | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-3 | POLICY BRIEF 12-3

Working Paper 12-2: Non linear Pricing and Tariff Differentiation | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-2 | POLICY BRIEF 12-2

Working Paper 12-1: Effect of Regulatory Reform on the Efficiency of Mobile Telecommunications | ABSTRACT | FULL PAPER 12-1 | POLICY BRIEF 12-1


Working papers 2011


CCP Working Paper 11-17

Bennato, A. & Magazzini, L. (2011) 'International Cooperation in Pharmaceutical Research'CCP Working Paper 11-17

Executive Summary 11-17


CCP Working Paper 11-16

Modak Chowdhury, S. & Martin. S. (2011) 'Innovation Races with the Possibility of Failure'CCP Working Paper 11-16.

Executive Summary 11-16


CCP Working Paper 11-15

Cemil Ozbugday, F. (2011) 'The Assessment of Agreements for Which Temporary Antitrust Immunity is Sought: Competition Authority Perspective'CCP Working Paper 11-15

Policy Brief 11-15


CCP Working Paper 11-14

Garrod, L. (2011) 'Collusive Price Rigidity under Price-matching Punishment', CCP Working Paper 11-14

Executive Summary 11-14


CCP Working Paper 11-13

Bos, I. & Wandschneider, F. (2011) 'Cartel Ringleaders and the Corporate Leniency Program' CCP Working Paper 11-13

Policy Brief 11-13


CCP Working Paper 11-12

Ormosi, P. (2011) 'Tactical Dilatory Practice in Litigation: Evidence from EC Merger Proceedings'CCP Working Paper 11-12

Executive Summary 11-12


CCP Working Paper 11-11

Green, R & Vasilakos, N. (2011) 'Storing Wind for a Rainy Day: What Kind of Electricity Does Denmark Export?'CCP Working Paper 11-11

Executive Summary 11-11


CCP Working Paper 11-10

Trumbull, G. (2011) 'Credit Access and Social Welfare in France and America', CCP Working Paper 11-10

Executive Summary 11-10


CCP Working Paper 11-9

Lewis, R. & Reiley, D. (2011), 'Does Retail Advertising Work? Measuring the Effects of Advertising on Sales via a Controlled Experiment on Yahoo!', CCP Working Paper 11-9


CCP Working Paper 11-8

Stephan, A. (2011), 'Disqualification Orders for Directors Involved in Cartels', CCP Working Paper 11-8

Policy Brief 11-8


CCP Working Paper 11-7

Peyer, S. (2011), 'Injunctive Relief and Private Antitrust Enforcement'CCP Working Paper 11-7

Policy Brief 11-7


CCP Working Paper 11-6

Ormosi, P. (2011) 'How big is a tip of the iceberg? A parsimonious way to estimate cartel detection rate', CCP Working Paper 11-6

Policy Brief 11-6


CCP Working Paper 11-5

Garrod, L. & Lyons, B. (2011) 'Early Settlements and Errors in Merger Control', CCP Working Paper 11-5

Executive Summary 11-5


CCP Working Paper 11-4

Green, R. & Vasilakos, N. (2011) 'The Long-term Impact of Wind Power on Electricity Prices and Generating Capacity', CCP Working Paper 11-4

Executive Summary 11-4


CCP Working Paper 11-3

Diaz-Rainey, I. (2011) 'Financing Renewable Energy through Household Adoption of Green Electricity Tariffs: A Diffusion Model of an Induced Environmental Market'CCP Working Paper 11-3

Policy Brief 11-3


CCP Working Paper 11-2 

Martyniszyn, M. (2011) 'Avoidance Techniques: State Related Defences in International Antitrust Cases', CCP Working Paper 11-2

Policy Brief 11-2


CCP Working Paper 11-1

Li, Y. & Lyons, B. (2011) 'Three Private Firms and an Independent Regulator are Sufficient for Rapid Mobile Network Penetration'CCP Working Paper 11-1

Policy Brief 11-1


Working papers 2010

CCP Working Paper 10-19

Davies, S. & Ormosi, P. (2010) 'Assessing Competition Policy: Methodologies, Gaps and Agenda for Future Research', CCP Working Paper 10-19

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-18

Hviid, M. & Waddams Price, C. (2010) 'Non-discrimination clauses in the retail energy market', CCP Working Paper 10-18

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-17

Hancock, R. & Hviid, M. (2010) 'Buyer Power and Price Discrimination: The Case of the UK Care Homes Market', CCP Working Paper 10-17

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-16

Braun, F, Hooper, E, Wand, R & Zloczysti, P. (2010) 'Holding a Candle to Innovation in Concentrating Solar Power Technologies', CCP Working Paper 10-16

Executive Summary


CCP Working Paper 10-15

Modak Chowdhury, S. & Martin, S. (2010) 'Exclusivity and Exclusion on Platform Markets', CCP Working Paper 10-15

Executive Summary 


CCP Working Paper 10-14

Marx, LM, & Shaffer, G. (2010) 'Slotting Allowances and Scarce Shelf Space', CCP Working Paper 10-14

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-13

Inderst, R &Shaffer, G. (2010) 'Market-Share Contracts as Facilitating Practices', CCP Working Paper 10-13

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-12

Peyer, S. (2010) 'Myths and Untold Stories - Private Antitrust Enforcement In Germany', CCP Working Paper 10-12

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-11

Foros, O., Jarle Kind, H. & Shaffer, G. (2010) 'Resale Price Maintenance and Restrictions on Dominant Firm and Industry-Wide Adoption', CCP Working Paper 10-11

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-10

Blauberger, M. & Kramer, RU. (2010) 'European Competition vs. Global Competitiveness: Transferring EU Rules on State Aid and Public Procurement beyond Europe', CCP Working Paper 10-10

Executive Summary


CCP Working Paper 10-9

Perino, G. (2010) 'Price Discrimination Based on Downstream Regulation: Evidence from the Market for SO2 Scrubbers'CCP Working Paper 10-9

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-8

Sitzia, S. & Zizzo, D. (2010) 'Price low and then price high or price high and then price low?'
CCP Working Paper 10-8

Executive Summary


CCP Working Paper 10-7

Diaz-Rainey, I. (2010) 'Modelling International Wind Energy Diffusion: Are the Patterns of Induced Diffusion 'S' shaped?', CCP Working Paper 10-7

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-6

Chowdhury, SM (2010) 'The All-pay Auction with Non-Monotonic Payoff',  CCP Working Paper 10-6

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-5

Chowdhury, SM. & Sheremeta, R. (2010) 'The Equivalence of Contests', CCP Working Paper 10-5

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-4

Akman, P. & Garrod, L. (2010) 'When Are Excessive Prices Unfair?'CCP Working Paper 10-4

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-3

Olczak, M. (2010) 'Unilateral versus Coordinated Effects: Comparing the Impact on Consumer Welfare of Alternative Merger Outcomes', CCP Working Paper 10-3

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-2

Lyons, B., Menzies, GD. & Zizzo, D. (2010) 'Professional Interpretation of the Standard of Proof: An Experimental Test on Merger Regulation'CCP Working Paper 10-2

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 10-1

Ormosi, P. (2010) 'Merger Remedies versus Efficiency Defence: An analysis of merging parties' litigation strategy in EC merger cases', CCP Working Paper 10-1

Policy Brief

Working papers 2009

CCP Working Paper 09-11

Ormosi, P. (2009) 'Determinants of the success of remedy offers: Evidence from European Community mergers', CCP Working Paper 09-11

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-10

Ormosi, P. (2009) 'Are all mergers equally delay-averse? An empirical analysis of procedural delay in European Commission merger cases (1999-2008)', CCP Working Paper 09-10

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-09

Stephan, A. (2009) 'Hear no Evil, See no Evil: Why Antitrust Compliance Programmes may be Ineffective at Preventing Cartels'CCP Working Paper 09-09

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-08

Ashton, J. (2009) 'Should the Joint Provision of Credit Insurance with Unsecured Lending be Prohibited? An Examination of the UK Payment Protection Insurance Market', CCP Working Paper 09-08

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-07

Davies, S., Waddams Price, C. & Wilson, CM. (2009) 'How Far Does Economic Theory Explain Competitive Nonlinear Pricing in Practice?', CCP Working Paper 09-7

*an updated version of this paper is available here

Executive Summary 

CCP Working Paper 09-06

Li, Y. (2009) 'A firm-level panel-data Approach to Efficiency, Total Factor Productivity, Catch-Up and Innovation and Mobile Telecommunications Reform (1995-2007)' CCP Working Paper 09-06

*an updated version  of this paper available here

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-05

Mezzanotte, F (2009) 'Can the Commission use Article 82EC to Combat Tacit Collusion?', CCP Working Paper 09-05 

Policy Brief 

*This working paper correspondes to journal citation 'Using Abuse of Collective Dominance in Article 102TFEU to Fight Tacit Collusion: the Problem of Proof and Inferential Error', World Competition 33, no. 1(2010) 77-102.


CCP Working Paper 09-04

Lyons, B. (2009) 'Competition Policy, Bailouts and the Economic Crisis'CCP Working Paper 09-04

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-03

Wilson, CM. (2009) 'Market Frictions: A Unified Model of Search and Switching Costs' CCP Working Paper 09-03 (Updated January 2012)

A previous version of this paper was titled "Markets with Search and Switching Costs" (CCP Working Paper 06-10)

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-02

Ashton, J. & Pressey, A. (2009) 'The Regulatory Challenge to Branding: An Interpretation of UK Competition Authority Investigations 1950-2007'CCP Working Paper 09-02

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 09-01

Akman, P. (2009) 'Exploitative Abuse in Article 82EC: Back to Basics?'CCP Working Paper 09-01

Policy Brief 09-01

Working papers 2008

CCP Working Paper 08-35

Li, Y. (2008), "Econometric Evidence on the Impacts of Privatization, New Entry, and Independent Industry Regulator on Mobile Network Penetration and Expansion",  

CCP Working Paper 08-35.

Policy Brief 08-35


CCP Working Paper 08-34

Akman, P. (2008), "'Consumer' versus 'Customer': the Devil in the Detail",  CCP Working Paper 08-34.

Policy Brief 08-34


CCP Working Paper 08-33

Sitzia, S. & Zizzo, D.J. (2008), "Does Product Complexity Matter for Competition in Experimental Markets?",  CCP Working Paper 08-33.

Executive Summary 08-33


CCP Working Paper 08-32

Davies, S. & Olczak, M. (2008), "Tacit versus Overt Collusion Firm Asymmetries and Numbers: What's the Evidence?",  CCP Working Paper 08-32.


CCP Working Paper 08-31

Gaudeul, A. (2008), "Consumer Welfare and Market Structure in a Model of Competition between Open Source and Proprietary Software",  CCP Working Paper 08-31.

Policy Brief 08-31 


CCP Working Paper 08-30

Guven Uslu, P. & Pham Linh, T. (2008), "Effects of Changes in Public Policy on Efficiency and Productivity of General Hospitals in Vietnam",  CCP Working Paper 08-30.

Policy Brief 08-30


CCP Working Paper 08-29

Stephan, A. (2008), "Beyond the Cartel Law Handbook: How Corruption, Social Norms and Collectivist Business Cultures can Undermine Conventional Enforcement Tools",  CCP Working Paper 08-29.


CCP Working Paper 08-28

Davies, S. & Olczak, M. (2008), "Assessing the Efficacy of Structural Merger Remedies: Choosing Between Theories of Harm?",  CCP Working Paper 08-28.

Policy Brief 08-28


CCP Working Paper 08-27

Chen, Z. (2008), "Collusion and Strategic Favoritism in Organizations",  CCP Working Paper 08-27.

Policy Brief 08-27


CCP Working Paper 08-26

Hviid, M. & Shaffer, G. (2008), "Matching Own Prices, Rivals' Prices, or Both",  CCP Working Paper 08-26.

Policy Brief 08-26


CCP Working Paper 08-25

Akman, P. (2008), "'Consumer Welfare' and Article 82EC: Practice and Rhetoric",  CCP Working Paper 08-25.

Policy Brief 08-25


CCP Working Paper 08-24

Wright, K. (2008), "European Commission Opinions to National Courts in Antitrust Cases: Consistent Application and the Judicial-Administrative Relationship",  CCP Working Paper 08-24.

Policy Brief 08-24


CCP Working Paper 08-23

Gaudeul, A. (2008), "Software Marketing on the Internet: the Use of Samples and Repositories",  CCP Working Paper 08-23.

Executive Summary 08-23


CCP Working Paper 08-22

Breitmoser, Y. Tan, J.H.W. & Zizzo, D.J. (2008), "Understanding Perpetual R&D Races",  CCP Working Paper 08-22.

Executive Summary 08-22


CCP Working Paper 08-21

Chen, Z. (2008), "Cartel Organization and Antitrust Enforcement",  CCP Working Paper 08-21.

Policy Brief 08-21


CCP Working Paper 08-20

Foros, Ø. & Steen, F. (2008), "Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays: an Outcome of Aggressive Competition?",  CCP Working Paper 08-20.

Policy Brief 08-20


CCP Working Paper 08-19

Stephan, A. (2008), "The UK Cartel Offence: Lame Duck or Black Mamba?",  CCP Working Paper 08-19.

Policy Brief 08-19


CCP Working Paper 08-18

Chen, Z. & Rey, P. (2007), "On the Design of Leniency Programs",  CCP Working Paper 08-18.

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 08-17

Lyons, B. (2008), "An Economic Assessment of EC Merger Control: 1958-2007",  CCP Working Paper 08-17.

Policy Brief 08-17


CCP Working Paper 08-16

Beverley, L. (2007)'Stock Market Event Studies and Competition Commission Inquiries' CCP Working Paper 8-16


CCP Working Paper 08-15

Yonhee Chang, T. and Waddhams, C. (2008) 'Gain or Pain: Does Consumer Activity Reflect Utility Maximisation?', CCP Working Paper 08-15

Policy Brief 08-15


CCP Working Paper 08-14

Cadman, R (2008) 'Inconsistent Regulation, Market Structure and Broadband Adoption in the EU: A Dynamic Model', CCP Working Paper 08-14

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 08-13

Hrovatin, N., Zoric, J. & Pittman, R. (2008) 'Organisation and Reforms of the Electricity Sector in Slovenia', CCP Working Paper 08-13


CCP Working Paper 08-12

Jednak, S., Kragulj, D., Bulajic, M. & Pittman, R. (2008) 'Electricity Reform in Serbia', CCP Working Paper 08-12


CCP Working Paper 08-11

Diaconu, O., Oprescu, G. & Pittman, R. (2008) 'Electricity Reform in Romania', CCP Working Paper 08-11


CCP Working Paper 08-10

Silva, P., Klytchnikova, I. & Radevic, D. (2008) 'Poverty and Environmental Impacts of Electricity Price Reforms in Montenegro', CCP Working Paper 08-10


CCP Working Paper 08-09

Iliadou,E. (2008) 'Electricity Sector Reform in Greece', CCP Working Paper 08-09


CCP Working Paper 08-08

Ganev, P. (2008) 'Bulgarian Electricity Market Restructuring', CCP Working Paper 08-08


CCP Working Paper 08-07

Waddams Price, C. & Pham, K. (2008) 'The Impact of Electricity Market Reform on Consumers', CCP Working Paper 08-07


CCP Working Paper 08-06

Hooper, E. & Medvedev, A. (2008) 'Electrifying Integration: Electricity Production and the South East Europe Regional Energy Market'CCP Working Paper 08-06


CCP Working Paper 08-05

Pollitt, M. (2008) 'Evaluating the Evidence on Electricity Reform: Lessons for the South East Europe (SEE) Market'CCP Working Paper 08-05


CCP Working Paper 08-04

Deitz, L., Stirton, L. & Wright, K. (2008) 'The Energy Community of South East Europe: Challenges of, and Obstacles to, Europeanisation'CCP Working Paper 08-04


CCP Working Paper 08-03

Hviid, M. & Medvedev, A. (2008) 'The Role of Contribution among Defendants in Private Antitrust Litigation',  CCP Working Paper 08-03

Policy Brief


CCP Working Paper 08-02

Gaudeul, A. (2008) 'Open Source Licensing in Mixed Markets, or Why Open Source Software Does Not Succeed'CCP Working Paper 08-02

Policy Brief 


CCP Working Paper 08-01

Lyons, B. (2008) 'The Paradox of the Exclusion of Exploitative Abuse'CCP Working Paper 08-01

Policy Brief


Working papers 2007

CCP Working Paper 07-21

Cengiz, F. (2007), "Passing-on Defense and Indirect Purchaser Standing in Actions for Damages against the Violation of Competition Law: what can the EC learn from the US?",  CCP Working Paper 07-21.

CCP Working Paper 07-20

Gaudeul, A. & Sugden, R. (2007), "Spurious Complexity and Common Standards in Markets for Consumer Goods",  CCP Working Paper 07-20.

Policy Brief 07-20

CCP Working Paper 07-19

Kassim, H. & Wright, K. (2007), "Revisiting Modernisation: the European Commission, Policy Change and the Reform of EC Competition Policy",  CCP Working Paper 07-19.

Executive Summary 07-19

CCP Working Paper 07-18

Subramanian, S. (2007), "Different Rules for Different Owners: Does a Non-Competing Patentee have a Right to Exclude? A Study of Post-eBay Cases",  CCP Working Paper 07-18.

Policy Brief 07-18

CCP Working Paper 07-17

Majumdar, A. & Shaffer, G. (2007), "Market-Share Contracts with Asymmetric Information",  CCP Working Paper 07-17.

Policy Brief 07-17

CCP Working Paper 07-16

Medvedev, A. (2007), "Structural Remedies in Merger Regulation in a Cournot Framework",  CCP Working Paper 07-16.

Policy Brief 07-16

CCP Working Paper 07-15

Pressey, A. & Ashton, J. (2007), "Competition Policy Implications of Electronic Business-to-Business Marketplaces: Issues for Marketers",  CCP Working Paper 07-15.

Policy Brief 07-15

CCP Working Paper 07-14

Ashton, J. (2007), "Synchronisation and Staggering of Deposit Account Interest Rate Changes",  CCP Working Paper 07-14.

Policy Brief

CCP Working Paper 07-13

Ordover, J. & Shaffer, G. (2007), "Exclusionary Discounts",  CCP Working Paper 07-13.

Policy Brief 07-13

CCP Working Paper 07-12

Stephan, A. (2007), "Survey of Public Attitudes to Price-Fixing and Cartel Enforcement in Britain",  CCP Working Paper 07-12.

Policy Brief 07-12

CCP Working Paper 07-11

Waddams Price, C. Brazier, K. Pham, K. Mathieu, L. & Wang, W. (2007), "Identifying Fuel Poverty Using Objective and Subjective Measures",  CCP Working Paper 07-11. A previous version of this paper was available as CCP Working Paper 06-1.

Policy Brief 07-11

CCP Working Paper 07-10

Garrod, L. (2008), "Price Transparency and Consumer Naivety in a Competitive Market",  CCP Working Paper 07-10.

CCP Working Paper 07-9

Ashton, J. & Pham, K. (2007), "Efficiency and Price Effects of Horizontal Bank Mergers",  CCP Working Paper 07-9.

Executive Summary 07-9

CCP Working Paper 07-8

Bagdadioglu, N. Basaran, A. & Waddams Price, C. (2007), "Potential Impact of Electricity Reforms on Turkish Households",  CCP Working Paper 07-8.

Policy Brief 07-8

CCP Working Paper 07-7

Davies, S. & Olczak, M. with Coles, H. (2010), "Tacit Collusion, Firm Asymmetries and Numbers: Evidence from EC Merger Cases",  CCP Working Paper 07-7. Previous version February 2008

Policy Brief 07-7

CCP Working Paper 07-6

Wilson, C.M. & Waddams Price, C. (2007), "Do Consumers Switch to the Best Supplier?",  CCP Working Paper 07-6. Previous version of this paper was titled "Irrationality in Consumers' Switching Decisions: When More Firms May Mean Less Benefit" CCP Working Paper 05-4

Policy Brief 07-6

CCP Working Paper 07-5

Akman, P. (2007), "Searching for the Long-Lost Soul of Article 82EC",  CCP Working Paper 07-5 now published in Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (2009, 29(2), 267)

Policy Brief 07-5

CCP Working Paper 07-4

Bugg, A. (2007), "Owner Motivations in the UK Speciality Food Sector",  CCP Working Paper 07-4.

Policy Brief 07-4

CCP Working Paper 07-3

Lyons, B. & Medvedev, A. (2007), "Bargaining over Remedies in Merger Regulation",  CCP Working Paper 07-3.

Policy Brief 07-3

CCP Working Paper 07-2

Barrow, P. (2007), "Just Enough: Empowering Fixed-Line Telecommunications Consumers through a Quality of Service Information System",  CCP Working Paper 07-2.

Policy Brief 07-2

CCP Working Paper 07-1

Ashton, J. & Pressey, A. (2007), "The Regulatory Perception of the Marketing Function: an Interpretation of UK Competition Authority Investigations 1950-2005",  CCP Working Paper 07-1.

Policy Brief 07-1


Working papers 2006

CCP Working Paper 06-20

Harker, M. & Waddams Price, C. (2006), "Introducing Competition and Deregulating the British Domestic Energy Markets: a Legal and Economic Discussion",  CCP Working Paper 06-20.

Policy Brief 06-20

CCP Working Paper 06-19

Cengiz, F. (2006), "The Role of State Attorneys General in U.S. Antitrust Policy: Public Enforcement through Private Enforcement Methods",  CCP Working Paper 06-19.

Policy Brief 06-19

CCP Working Paper 06-18

Akman, P. (2006), "To Abuse or not to Abuse: Discrimination between Consumers",  CCP Working Paper 06-18.

Policy Brief 06-18

CCP Working Paper 06-17

Garrod, L. (2006), "Surcharging as a Facilitating Practice",  CCP Working Paper 06-17.

Policy Brief 06-17

CCP Working Paper 06-16

Harker, M. (2006), "UK Merger Remidies Under Scrutiny",  CCP Working Paper 06-16.

Policy Brief 06-16

CCP Working Paper 06-15

Chang, Y. (2006), "Role of Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) and Capital Adequacy in Banking Structure and Competition",  CCP Working Paper 06-15.

Policy Brief 06-15

CCP Working Paper 06-14

Ashton, J. & Hudson, R. (2006), "Interest Rate Clustering in UK Financial Services Markets",  CCP Working Paper 06-14.

Policy Brief 06-14

CCP Working Paper 06-13

Bagdadioglu, N. Waddams Price, C. & Weyman-Jones, T. (2006), "Measuring Potential Gains from Mergers among Electricity Distribution Companies in Turkey using a Non-Parametric Model",  CCP Working Paper 06-13.

Policy Brief

CCP Working Paper 06-12

Gaudeul, A. (2006), "Vertical and Horizontal Differentiation with Network Effects in the Competition between Open-Source and Proprietary Software", A previous version of this paper was titled "Differentiation and network Effects in Open-Source Production" (CCP Working Paper 05-3) CCP Working Paper 06-12 (currently under revision).

CCP Working Paper 06-11

Breitmoser, Y. Tan, J.H.W. & Zizzo, D.J. (2006), "A Test of Perpetual R&D Races",  CCP Working Paper 06-11.

Executive Summary 06-11

CCP Working Paper 06-10

Wilson, C. (2007), "Markets with Search and Switching Costs",  CCP Working Paper 06-10. This paper has been updated to CCP Working Paper 09-3

CCP Working Paper 06-9

Harker, M. & Hviid, M. (2006), "Competition Law Enforcement: the "Free-Riding" Plaintiff and Incentives for the Revelation of Private Information",  CCP Working Paper 06-9.

Policy Brief 06-9

CCP Working Paper 06-8

Medvedev, A. (2006), "Efficiency Defence, Administrative Fuzziness, and Commitment in Merger Regulation",  CCP Working Paper 06-8.

CCP Working Paper 06-7

Olczak, M. (2006), "Chain-Store Pricing and the Structure of Retail Markets",  CCP Working Paper 06-7.

Policy Brief 06-7

CCP Working Paper 06-6

Scott, A. (2006), "National Champions and the Two-Thirds Rule in EC merger Control",  CCP Working Paper 06-6.

Policy Brief 06-6

CCP Working Paper 06-5

Stephan, A. (2006), "The Bankruptcy Wildcard in Cartel Cases",  CCP Working Paper 06-5.

Policy Brief 06-5

CCP Working Paper 06-4

Chang, Y.T. (2005), "Evolution of Banking Structure: Industrial Policy and Deregulation",  CCP Working Paper 06-4.

CCP Working Paper 06-3

Chang, Y.T. (2005), "Dynamics of Internet banking Adoption",  CCP Working Paper 06-3.

Policy Brief 06-3

CCP Working Paper 06-2

Chang, Y.T. (2005), "Collective Relationship Banking and Private Information Monitoring in Korea",  CCP Working Paper 06-2.

CCP Working Paper 06-1

Brazier, K. Mathieu, L. Waddams Price, C. & Wang, W. (2006), "Identifying Fuel Poverty Using Objective and Subjective Measures",  CCP Working Paper 06-1: this paper has been updated to CCP Working Paper 07-11


Working papers 2005

CCP Working Paper 05-10

Stephan, A. (2005), "An Empirical Assessment of the 1996 Leniency Notice",  CCP Working Paper 05-10.

CCP Working Paper 05-9

Wilson, C. (2005), "The Effects of Consumer Protection on Sales Signs, Consumer Search and Competition",  CCP Working Paper 05-9.

CCP Working Paper 05-8

Akman, P. & Hviid, M. (2005), "A Most-Favoured-Customer Guarentee with a Twist",  CCP Working Paper 05-8.

CCP Working Paper 05-7

Majumdar, A. (2005), "Waterbed Effects and Buyer Mergers",  CCP Working Paper 05-7.

CCP Working Paper 05-6

Bugg, A. (2005), "The Livestock Mandatory Reporting Act: Has Information Pooling Led to Anticompetitive Behaviour in the US Beef Industry",  CCP Working Paper 05-6.

CCP Working Paper 05-5

Davies, L. Wright, K. & Waddams Price, C. (2005), "Experience of Privatisation, Regulation and Competition: Lessons for Governments",  CCP Working Paper 05-5.

CCP Working Paper 05-4

Wilson, C. & Waddams Price, C. (2005), "Irrationality in Consumers' Switching Decisions: When More Firms may Mean Less Benefit",  CCP Working Paper 05-4: paper has been updated to CCP Working Paper 07-6.

CCP Working Paper 05-3

Gaudeul, A. (2005), "Differentiation and Network Effects in Open Source Production",  CCP Working Paper 05-3 (currently under revision).

CCP Working Paper 05-2

Haldrup, N. & Møllgaard, P. (2005), "Sequential versus Simultaneous Market Delineation: The Relevant Antitrust Market for Salmon",  CCP Working Paper 05-2.


CCP Working Paper 05-1

Olczak, M. (2005), "Raising Rivals' Fixed Costs",  CCP Working Paper 05-1.


Working papers 2004

CCP Working Paper 04-1

Wilson, C. (2004), "Price Deception, Market Power and Consumer Policy",  CCP Working Paper 04-1.


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